June 26, 2019 posted by

Two sisters both fight for women’s rights. The term ‘terrorist’ is in question in the film: Her political betrayal is juxtaposed with another, private, betrayal, when the policewoman’s very young daughter tells her of her husband’s affair. Some coincided with the map of Italy; some were the streets of Paris; some were the walls of Rebibbia and other ‘special prisons’. She and Werner ask Hans, a clergyman, to launder Already, speaking about his Segreti segreti of , Giuseppe Bertolucci had pointed to: Kang-sheng Lee, Ming-liang Tsai. Not all televisual representations served the same agenda.

Start your free trial. As Richard Drake writes: In its deliberate engagement with politics, it anticipates later films like La mia generazione and, in its construction as a forum for conflicting discourses, La seconda volta; finally, it links these films in turn to the neo-realist cinema of the immediate postwar period it contains specific allusions to Rossellini’s Paisa of But in the film’s present, Marianne has become a terrorist, whilst Juliane has decided to try to change society peacefully by embarking on what was known at the time as “the long march through the institutions” and becoming a journalist on a liberal women’s magazine. The key theme of exile suggests that the films of the fourth group have to confront representations in other media: Rosi’s film, like Leonardo Sciascia’s novel, 11 contesto, upon which it is based, moves beyond Sicilian machinations to adumbrate the violence Sciascia identifies as underpinning the Italian state and undermining its democracy. Margarethe von Trotta; assistant director: Il colonnello Redl Oberst Redl.

As the flashback structure suggests, The German Sisters concerns the weight of the past on the present. The authorities claimed they had committed suicide, but this explanation has never been accepted by many, including Gudrun’s sister Christiane, to whom this film is dedicated. But terrorism is not an ideology, it is a tactic: II caso Moro, a docu-drama that narrates the Moro kidnapping and murder, looks back to the tradition of the film-inchiesta of Salvatore Giuliano and, as the title suggests, II caso Mattel both Rosi films, the first from and the other fromthough without the narrative complexity and, in a sense, the complex politics of those films.

Whilst there is some truth in these charges, they don’t entirely do the film justice. We could further subdivide this first category into those films that deal with left-wing violence again, Colpire al morethose that deal with the state Cadaveri eccellenti, Francesco Rosiand those that deal with the right-wing violence of large-scale bombings, as well as with the state’s complicity with these bombings Le maniforti.

So what were they?

He must, that is, look beyond the state of Italy for some closure to the problem of political violence in Italy. This happens allegorically in a film like Prova d’orchestra Federico Fellini ; or in a displaced context, as in Montaldo’s Sacco e Vanzetti Giuliano Montaldowhich alluded to rilm ‘suiciding’ by police of Giuseppe Pinelli the anarchist blamed fpr the Piazza Fontana bombingwhile telling the story of the two Italian immigrants executed in the United States in And sometimes dismantling the intricate apparatus of power is of not use, perhaps a depressing view trogta an accurate one, as Marianne’s dubious dead hints.

Marianne and Juliane – Wikidata

When Marianne is jailed, Juliane feels obligated to help her despite their differing views on how to live. The ‘lead’ of the title refers, according to the film-maker, not to bullets, but to the leaden weight of history: Given this lacuna one is almost bound to look for the explanation for Marianne’s actions in the carefully delineated family circumstances in which she grew up, and to fall back on the psychoanalytic suggestion that “Marianne’s blind devotion to her father, as against Juliane’s resistance and identification with her mother, has made her susceptible to a new form of fanaticism.


The irony is that both have been partisans, and so as far as they are concerned instrumental in the reconstruction of democratic Italy after the Fascist dictatorship. The protagonists of Caro papa and La tragedia di un uomo ridicolo Bernardo Bertolucci are victims of the widespread political violence of the anni di piombo.

As the assassinations of Massimo D’Antona in and of Marco Biagi in have brutally demonstrated, accounts of the demise of terrorism in Italy have been premature.

Colpire al more is an example of the former; La seconda volta Mimmo Calopresti is an important example of the latter. In she and two other group members were found dead in their cells at Stammheim prison. The portrayal is ambivalent in its attitude to the now-imprisoned terrorists, in that while it accuses them of childishness in taking up the armed struggle, it has no sympathy for their grasping of the state carrot of repentance and early release.

With her affair, however, the young woman implicitly rejects both father and husband, a rejection that translates in the film to a rejection of ‘society’ and family, and of the political as such: The fact that he has been badly burned by children who found out that he was a terrorist’s son suggests a cyclical pattern, with parents’ deeds being endlessly revisited on their children.

It is less likely for the non-Italian at least to associate terrorism with the massacres or stragismo of the right: The poombo I discuss here date, on the other hand, from the early s to the present day. After the death of her father, Hannah becomes concerned with the strange behavior of her mother.

The psychoanalytical approach has disappeared by this time, but remains implicit as an aspect of the earlier discourse around the politically- motivated violence of the anni di piombo, and the fates of its protagonists and victims. The terrorists used to plant bombs, not jargarethe.

Richard Drake writes of the adherents of the armed struggle in the anni di piombo that: When she is caught she submits immediately to interrogation by a policewoman and gives up all she knows about her ‘worthy comrades’ bravi compagni. I could relate better with Juliane’s approach to women’s right conviction, but something tells me that perhaps to achieve greater advances Marianne’s fire for the cause is what is needed at times. Renzo De Felice, writing about historiography and the ventennio fascista, has argued that closeness in time leads precisely to acts of ‘interpretation-characterization’ cast in terms that privilege the psychological rather than the effort of historical reconstruction of causes.

National Identity and Global Culture, ed. Cambridge University Press, If we were studying an historical text fim [at a particular anji, we would not compare it with the film version to marbarethe if it was true.


Frieden, Sandra, Gender and German Cinema: The task of the researcher is to margaarethe the mechanism of this dialectic at work in individual Film and the Anni di piombo films and across a corpus, and to establish the extent to which conclusions can then be generalized in relation to the marbarethe of the anni di piombo. George von Kieseritzky and Barbara Kloth; music: We can identify a first category in which political violence is explicitly represented or its legacies explicitly dealt with.

Some coincided with the map of Italy; some were the streets of Paris; some were the walls of Rebibbia and other ‘special prisons’.

Political violence is not necessarily the central theme of these znni. We can see this process at work in the films that represent the anni di piombo. After marrgarethe her job, she finds herself in trouble financially and attempts a minor insurance fraud to make Sometimes, as in Caw Piombp Mario Monicellibased on the Natalia Ginzburg novelit is present as part of the larger portrait of the time and of the fate of the family.

Furthermore, if the Italian state has suffered violent internal opposition ever since its inception, and if, as Wood and Farrell argue, the political violence of the anni di piombo must be seen in the context of this ever- present opposition,11 then we can expect the films under consideration likewise to take their place in a wider tradition of cinematic representations of violence and the state. Cinema contributed to an ongoing, wider debate about the patrimony of the Resistance and the construction of postwar Italian identity.

Imagining a film about terrorism was as difficult as trying to imagine a game of football [. And indeed these characteristics are found to a greater extent in the most recent films considered in this study: Sergio Zavoli’s series La notte della Repubblica from transcripts published by Mondadori in certainly went some way to giving a marharethe face to the demons of terror. Caro papa, La tragedia di un uomo ridicolo, and Colpire al cuore all fit this model, as does the allegorical Prova d’orchestra where revolutionary desire is cast as the childish desire to displace the trofta or authority figure the conductor in Fellini’s film ; while in Maledetti vi amerb Marco Tullio Giordanaa film do the disillusionment of the left post- Moro, the absent father of the former activist, Riccardo, is replaced by a gruff but sympathetic policeman, who ultimately kills Riccardo in an inversion of the myth.

Die Bleierne Zeit – Film (Movie) Plot and Review

La ragazza dj storia Abschied von gestern. Its original German title translates as “Leaden Times,” which could be taken as referring either to the Nazi past which has shaped, in quite different ways, Marianne’s and Juliane’s oppositional attitudes to the German presentor to the dreariness of the margartehe in which they had their childhood and in which they were shaped by rather more personal forces, such as sibling rivalry and patriarchal authority.

Two sisters both fight for women’s rights.